OpenSync Interview – syncing on the free desktop

Friday, May 19, 2006

This interview intends to provide some insight into OpenSync, an upcoming free unified data synchronization solution for free software desktops such as KDE, commonly used as part of the GNU/Linux operating system.

Hi Cornelius, Armin and Tobias. As you are now getting close to version 1.0 of OpenSync, which is expected to become the new synchronisation framework for KDE and other free desktops, we are quite interested in the merits it can provide for KDE users and for developers, as well as for the Open Source Community as a whole. So there’s one key-question before I move deeper into the details of OpenSync:

What does OpenSync accomplish, that no one did before?


First of all it does its job of synchronizing data like addressbooks and calendars between desktop applications and mobile devices like PDAs and cell phones.
But the new thing about OpenSync is that it isn’t tied to a particular device or a specific platform. It provides an extensible and modular framework that is easy to adopt for application developers and people implementing support for syncing with mobile devices.
OpenSync is also independent of the desktop platform. It will be the common syncing backend for at least KDE and GNOME and other projects are likely to join. That means that the free desktop will have one common syncing solution. This is something really new.

How do the end-users profit from using synching solutions that interface with OpenSync as framework?


First, the users will be able to actually synchronize all their data. By using one common framework there won’t be any “missing links”, where one application can sync one set of devices and another application a different one. With OpenSync all applications can sync all devices.
Second, the users will get a consistent and common user interface for syncing across all applications and devices. This will be much simpler to use than the current incoherent collection of syncing programs you need if you have more than the very basic needs.

How does OpenSync help developers with coding?


It’s a very flexible and well-designed framework that makes it quite easy for developers to add support for new devices and new types of data. It’s also very easy to add support for OpenSync to applications.
The big achievement of OpenSync is that it hides all the gory details of syncing from the developers who work on applications and device support. That makes it possible for the developers to concentrate on their area of expertise without having to care what’s going on behind the scenes.
I have written quite a lot of synchronization code in the past. Trust me, it’s much better, if someone just takes care of it for you, and that’s what OpenSync does.


Another point to mention is the python wrapper for opensync, so you are not bound to C or C++, but can develop plugins in a high level scripting language.

Why should producers of portable devices get involved with your team?


OpenSync will be the one common syncing solution for the free desktop. That means there is a single point of contact for device manufacturers who want to add support for their devices. That’s much more feasible than addressing all the different applications and solutions we had before. With OpenSync it hopefully will become interesting for manufacturers to officially support Linux for their devices.

Do you also plan to support applications of OpenSync in proprietary systems like OSX and Windows?


OpenSync is designed to be cross-platform, so it is able to run on other systems like Windows. How well this works is always a question of people actually using and developing for this system. As far as I know there isn’t a real Windows community around OpenSync yet. But the technical foundation is there, so if there is somebody interested in working on a unified syncing solution on Windows, everybody is welcome to join the project.

What does your synchronisation framework do for KDE and for KitchenSync in particular?


OpenSync replaces the KDE-specific synchronization frameworks we had before. Even in KDE we had several separate syncing implementations and with OpenSync we can get replace them with a common framework. We had a more generic syncing solution in KDE under development. This was quite similar from a design point of view to OpenSync, but it never got to the level of maturity we would have needed, because of lack of resources. As OpenSync fills this gap we are happy to be able to remove our old code and now concentrate on our core business.

What was your personal reason for getting involved with OpenSync?


I wrote a lot of synchronization code in the past, which mainly came from the time where I was maintaining KOrganizer and working on KAddressBook. But this always was driven by necessity and not passion. I wanted to have all my calendar and contact data in one place, but my main objective was to work on the applications and user interfaces handling the data and not on the underlying code synchronizing the data.
So when the OpenSync project was created I was very interested. At GUADEC in Stuttgart I met with Armin, the maintainer of OpenSync, and we talked about integrating OpenSync with KDE. Everything seemed to fit together quite well, so at Linuxtag the same year we had another meeting with some more KDE people. In the end we agreed to go with OpenSync and a couple of weeks later we met again in Nuernberg for three days of hacking and created the KDE frontend for OpenSync. In retrospect it was a very pleasant and straightforward process to get where we are now.


My reason to get involved (or better to start) OpenSync was my involvement with its predecessor Multisync. I am working as a system administrator for a small consulting company and so I saw some problems when trying to find a synchronization solution for Linux.
At that point I joined the Multisync project to implement some plugins that I thought would be nice to have. After some time I became the maintainer of the project. But I was unhappy with some technical aspects of the project, especially the tight coupling between the syncing logic and the GUI, its dependencies on GNOME libraries and its lack of flexibility.


Well, I have been a KDE PIM developer for several years now, so there was no way around getting in touch with synchronization and KitchenSync. Although I liked the idea of KitchenSync, I hated the code and the user interface […]. So when we discussed to switch to OpenSync and reimplementing the user interface, I volunteered immediately.

Can you tell us a bit about your further plans and ideas?


The next thing will be the 1.0 release of OpenSync. We will release KitchenSync as frontend in parallel.


There are of course a lot of things on my todo and my wishlist for opensync. For the near future the most important step is the 1.0 release, of course, where we still have some missing features in OpenSync as well as in the plugins.
One thing I would really like to see is a thunderbird plugin for OpenSync. I use thunderbird personally and would really like to keep my contacts up to date with my cellular, but I was not yet able to find the time to implement it.


One thing that would really rock in future versions of OpenSync is an automatic hardware detection mechanism, so when you plugin your Palm or switch on your bluetooth device, OpenSync will create a synchronization group automatically and ask the user to start syncing. To bring OpenSync to the level of _The Syncing Solution [tm]_ we must reduce the necessary configuration to a minimum.

What was the most dire problem you had to face when creating OpenSync and how did you face it?


Fortunately the problems which I personally would consider to be dire are solved by the implementation of OpenSync which is well hidden from the outside world and [they are] an area I didn’t work on 😉


I guess that I am the right person to answer this question then 🙂
The most complicated part of OpenSync is definitely the format conversion, which is responsible for converting the format of one device to the format that another device understands.
There are a lot of subsystems in this format conversion that make it so complex, like conversion path searching, comparing items, detection of mime types and last but not least the conversion itself. So this was a hard piece of work.

What was the greatest moment for you?


I think the greatest moment was when, after three days of concentrated hacking, we had a first working version of the KDE frontend for OpenSync. This was at meeting at the SUSE offices in Nuernberg and we were able to successfully do a small presentation and demo to a group of interested SUSE people.


I don’t remember a distinct “greatest moment”. But what is a really great feeling is to see that a project catches on, that other people get involved, use the code you have written and improve it in ways that you haven’t thought of initially.


Hmm, also hacking on OpenSync/KitcheSync is much fun in general, the greatest moment was when the new KitchenSync frontend synced two directories via OpenSync the first time. But it was also cool when we managed to get the IrMC plugin working again after porting it to OpenSync.

As we now know the worst problem you faced and your greatest moment, the only one missing is: What was your weirdest experience while working on OpenSync?


Not directly related to OpenSync, but pretty weird was meeting a co-worker at the Amsterdam airport when returning from the last OpenSync meeting. I don’t know how high the chance is to meet somebody you know on a big random airport not related at all to the places where you or the other person live, but it was quite surprising.


Since my favorite language is C++, I was always confused how people can use plain C for such a project, half the time your are busy with writing code for allocating/freeing memory areas. Nevertheless Armin did a great job and he is always a help for solving strange C problems 🙂

Now I’d like to move on to some more specific questions about current and planned abilities of OpenSync. As first, I’ve got a personal one:

I have an old iPod sitting around here. Can I or will I be able to use a program utilizing OpenSync to synchronize my calendars, contacts and music to it?


I’m not aware of any iPod support for OpenSync up to now, but if it doesn’t exist yet, why not write it? OpenSync makes this easy. This is a chance for everybody with the personal desire to sync one device or another to get involved.


I dont think that there is iPod support yet for OpenSync. But it would definitely be possible to use OpenSync for this task. So if someone would like to implement an iPod plugin, I would be glad to help 🙂

Which other devices do you already support?


At this time, OpenSync supports Palms, SyncML and IrMC capable devices.

Which programs already implement OpenSync and where can we check back to find new additions?


On the application side there is support for Evolution [GNOME] and Kontact with KitchenSync [KDE] on the frontend side and the backend side and some more. I expect that further applications will adopt OpenSync once the 1.0 version is released.


Besides kitchensync there already are a command line tool and a port of the multisync GUI. Aside from the GUIs, I would really like to see OpenSync being used in other applications as well. One possibility for example would to be integrate OpenSync into Evolution to give users the possibility to synchronize their devices directly from this application. News can generally be found on the OpenSync web site www.opensync.org.

It is time to give the developers something to devour, too. I’ll keep this as a short twice-fold technical dive before coming to the takeoff question, even though I’m sure there’s information for a double-volume book on technical subleties.

As first dive: How did you integrate OpenSync in KitchenSync, viewed from the coding side?


OpenSync provides a C interface. We wrapped this with a small C++ library and put KitchenSync on top. Due to the object oriented nature of the OpenSync interfaces this was quite easy.
Recently I also started to write a D-Bus frontend for OpenSync. This also is a nice way to integrate OpenSync which provides a wide variety of options regarding programming languages and system configurations.

And for the second, deeper dive:

Can you give us a quick outline of those inner workings of OpenSync, from the developers view, which make OpenSync especially viable for application in several different desktop environments?


That’s really a question for Armin. For those who are interested I would recommend to have a look at the OpenSync website. There is a nice white paper about the internal structure and functionality of OpenSync.


OpenSync consists of several parts:
First there is the plugin API which defines what functions a plugin has to implement so that OpenSync can dlopen() it. There are 2 types of plugins:
A sync plugin which can synchronize a certain device or application and which provides functions for the initialization, handling the connection to a device and reading and writing items. Then there is a format plugin which defines a format and how to convert, compare and detect it.
The next part is a set of helper functions which are provided to ease to programming of synchronization plugins. These helper functions include things like handling plugin config files, HashTables which can be used to detect changes in sets of items, functions to detect when a resync of devices is necessary etc.
The syncing logic itself resides in the sync engine, which is a separate part. The sync engine is responsible for deciding when to call the connect function of a plugin, when to read or write from it. The engine also takes care of invoking the format conversion functions so that each plugin gets the items in its required format.
If you want more information and details about the inner workings of OpenSync, you should really visit the opensync.org website or ask its developers.

To add some more spice for those of our readers, whose interest you just managed to spawn (or to skyrocket), please tell us where they can get more information on the OpenSync Framework, how they can best meet and help you and how they can help improving sync-support for KDE by helping OpenSync.


Again, the OpenSync web site is the right source for information. Regarding the KDE side, the kde-pim@kde.org mailing list is probably the right address. At the moment the most important help would be everything which gets the OpenSync 1.0 release done.
[And even though] I already said it, it can’t be repeated too often: OpenSync will be the one unified syncing solution for the free desktop. Cross-device, cross-platform, cross-desktop.
It’s the first time I feel well when thinking about syncing 😉.


Regarding OpenSync, the best places to ask would be the opensync mailing lists at sourceforge or the #opensync irc channel on the freenode.net servers.
There are always a lot of things where we could need a helping hand and where we would be really glad to get some help. So everyone who is interested in OpenSync is welcome to join.

Many thanks for your time!


Thanks for doing the interview. It’s always fun to talk about OpenSync, because it’s really the right thing.


Thank you for taking your time and doing this interview. I really appreciate your help!


Thanks for your work. Publication and marketing is something that is really missing in the open source community. We have nice software but nobody knows 😉

Further Information on OpenSync can be found on the OpenSync Website: www.opensync.org

This Interview was done by Arne Babenhauserheide in April 2006 via e-mail and KOffice on behalf of himself, the OpenSource Community, SpreadKDE.org and the Dot (dot.kde.org).It was first published on the Dot and is licensed under the cc-attribution-sharealike-license.A pdf-version with pictures can be found at opensync-interview.pdf (OpenDocument version: opensync-interview.odt)

This article features first-hand journalism by Wikinews members. See the collaboration page for more details.
This article features first-hand journalism by Wikinews members. See the collaboration page for more details.

Prepare Wisely For Cfa}

Prepare wisely for CFA


Manish Mishra

The career in finance is diversified and full of opportunities. Chartered Accountants, Company Secretary, Financial Planner, Financial Analysts, Excise & Taxation, Investment Consultants, Banking, Insurance and Wealth Management are some of the popular fields of interest for the financial professionals. One can start preparing for these courses at school level itself and gain expertise in the specific field gradually. Many of the courses require certification to prove ones eligibility for the position.

This certification is very essential as it judges the capability and knowledge of an individual to determine if one is able to take care of the monetary interests of a firm, unit, company or even an individual. These courses and certifications also allow one to jump to a higher level in the management and switch to a lucrative career. CFA course is one such opportunity every finance lover wants to prepare for so that he can make his place among the most renowned professionals among the industry.

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CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst) Course is a three level study program and a student can take this course after completing his 10+2 grades of schooling. There is no other specific eligibility condition for studying CFA Course. However, after studying one module / level of the course, the student needs to take a six hour evaluation test. It is necessary for the student to successfully clear this test as the promotion to next level is possible only after qualifying the lower level exam. In the first module, the students are taught about the basic concepts of finance with their relevance to the economy and the industry, the constituents of finance, the factors affecting the finance of any specific firm etc. The second module further intensifies the scope of studies to help one understand and explore the world of finance and the third module educates and trains one to become an effective Financial Analyst.

The CFA Certification is originated in USA and the exam is also conducted by the CFA institute in USA only. This certification has a global recognition and it opens the world of global opportunities while ensuring a luxurious lifestyle and elite salary packages for the qualified professionals. A CFA is respected as the most knowledgeable specialist of financial matters irrespective of the fact that it is from investment, banking, taxation or any other field. As there is only one central institute for the CFA certification, many colleges and institutes offer the assistance in preparing for the CFA course.

Earlier, students used to enroll for some other degree course while preparing for the CFA course because In case they do not qualify the evaluation they might not risk losing a year without gaining any degree or qualification. But now, students prefer to enroll into related courses so that they may study the same subjects. International College of Financial Planning offers MBA in Financial Analysis. This degree program not only helps a student gain a degree but also helps him to prepare for the certification and realize his dream to become a Chartered Financial Analyst.

International College of Financial Planning offers

MBA in Financial Analysis

which incorporates the curriculum of

CFA Course

. This degree program not only helps a student gain a degree but also helps him to prepare for the certification and realize his dream to become a Chartered Financial Analyst.

Article Source:

Prepare wisely for CFA}

U.S. Postal Service running out of money

Wednesday, March 25, 2009

Tensions are running high at the U.S. Postal Service as it faces an enormous budget shortfall. Even after announcing it was cutting 3,000 jobs, the beleaguered government agency is still quickly running out of money.

Postmaster General John Potter asked the United States Congress for help on Wednesday, once again bringing up the possibility of reducing mail delivery from six to five days a week. The service reduction would save approximately $3.5 billion this year.

Another way to cut costs could include changes to how it pays for its employee retirement plan, which would save a further $2 billion. Closing small and rural post offices is another possibility that has been discussed.

Many measures have already been taken to stem the agency’s losses. Construction of new facilities has been put on hold and existing ones put up for sale, millions of man-hours have been cut, and executive salaries have been frozen.

House Oversight Post Office Subcommmittee chairman Stephen F. Lynch (D-Mass.) has expressed reluctance with the plan to reduce service, saying “With the Postal Service facing budget shortfalls the subcommittee will consider a number of options to restore financial stability and examine ways for the Postal Service to continue to operate without cutting services.”

Other than cost cutting, Congress could also appropriate taxpayer dollars to fund the struggling Postal Service, which currently does not rely on public funding outside of a subsidy for international voting mail and services for the blind.

If nothing is done, the USPS will soon run completely out of money, and may be unable to pay many of its bills. Salaries are the agency’s highest priority to continue paying, though other debts may have to wait to be paid, said Potter. Last year the Postal Service lost $2.8 billion.

AIM activist, Leonard Peltier defender Robert Robideau dies

Friday, February 20, 2009

Robert E. “Bob” Robideau, an Ashinaabe activist who was acquitted of killing two FBI agents and who was involved in the Leonard Peltier case, died on Tuesday February 16 after suffering seizures at his home in Barcelona, Spain, Robideau’s family and Spanish authorities say. He was 61-years-old. Robideau had shrapnel in his head, UPI reports, from a 1975 incident in which ammunition in his car exploded.

Robideau had been living and working in Barcelona as director of the American Indian Movement museum, after two stints as National-International Director for the Leonard Peltier Defense Committee. Robideau, Leonard Peltier, and Darelle “Dino” Butler were charged together for the shooting deaths of FBI Special Agents Jack R. Coler and Ronald A. Williams in South Dakota; the jury trying Robideau and Butler ruled that the killings had been in self-defense, but Peltier, who had fled the country, was tried separately and sentenced to two consecutive life sentences.

Robert Robideau was born on November 11, 1946, a member of the Turtle Mountain and White Earth Ojibwa tribes and descendant of the chiefs Obe-quod and Ke-che-ha-kuk-kung-ay-we-ne-nee.

The Colorado American Indian Movement released a statement on Robideau’s passing, saying, “Bob was a great role model for AIM members everywhere. He epitomized what it was to be a member of AIM, not through posturing, not through rhetoric, but in action. He put his life on the line, and he was relentless in his defense of Indian people everywhere. He will be very deeply missed, and will always remembered”.

After joining the American Indian Movement in 1973, Robideau, along with Ward Churchill and Russell Means, split from Vernon Bellecourt‘s movement in 1993 and established the Autonomous American Indian Moment. Following his 1976 acquittal and Peltier’s 1977 conviction for the FBI agent murders, Robideau became involved in work to free Peltier, but split from Peltier’s defense team in 2004 over differences of opinion in the Anna Mae Aquash case. Robideau also appeared in the documentary Incident at Oglala, discussing the shootings.

Robideau had degrees in anthropology from Portland State University and arts from the Institute of Native American Arts in Santa Fe, New Mexico. He is survived by his wife Pilar and his two sons, Michael and Bobby.

UK chancellor raises national insurance payments for self employed in new budget

Friday, March 10, 2017

UK chancellor Philip Hammond announced his 2017 budget on Wednesday, which included a £2 billion pledge to social care and a tax hike on the self-employed. It was accused of breaking Conservative Party manifesto promises.

It was announced there will be a 2% increase in national insurance contributions for the self-employed, with chancellor Philip Hammond citing worries that people were choosing to become self-employed in order to pay lower taxes and his perception of unfairness in the different rates paid by employees and self-employees. There were accusations this change in policy goes against the manifesto promises the Conservative Party ran on in 2015, which promised four times that there would be no increase in national insurance rates. Conservative MP Anna Soubry tweeted saying she believed these new measures would be unpopular as many would see them as unfair. The leader of the opposition, Jeremy Corbyn, claimed the new measures will not clamp down on people whose self-employment is just for tax benefits, instead causing problems for those legitimately self-employed, arguing that if they are to start paying similar tax rates to the employed then they should get rights such as statutory maternity pay. The think tank Resolution claimed, however, this increase is outweighed by other government policies and is, therefore, a good move.

In addition to this, the chancellor announced a £2 billion pledge to social care over the next three years, saying he was aware of the stress the ageing population is having on the NHS and social care. Liberal Democrat Norman Lamb described the amount as “wholly inadequate”, saying much more is needed to pay for an increase in care demands due to the ageing population. The lowest threshold at which shareholders pay dividend taxes is to be lowered from £5,000 to £2,000 claiming that the taxes for dividends provided “an extremely generous tax break for investors with substantial share portfolios”. Other budget announcements include an additional £325 million for the NHS, £90 million transport spending for the North of England, £20 million to support campaigning against violence against girls and women and a slight increase in funding for the devolved governments.

70 347 Microsoft Preparation Material}

Submitted by: Jennifer Cheek

Question: 1


Your company uses Office 365. You are planning a user-driven deployment of Office 365 ProPlus.

You need to provide users with the minimum requirements for running Office 365 ProPlus.

Which requirements should you provide? To answer, drag the appropriate requirements to the correct targets. Each requirement may be used once, more than once, or not at all. You may need to drag the split bar between panes or scroll to view content.


For users to have the ability to install Office 365 ProPlus on their computers, they must be configured as local administrators. Furthermore, users don’t have to be connected to the Internet all the time to use Office 365 ProPlus. They do, however, have to connect every 30 days to prevent Office 365 ProPlus from going into reduced functionality mode.



Question: 2

Your company uses Office 365 and has an Enterprise E3 license plan. Employees are issued laptop computers that are configured with a standard image. The image includes an installation of Office 365 ProPlus that must be activated by the employees.

An employee recently received a new laptop computer to replace an older laptop. The older laptop will be reimaged. When the employee attempts to start Word for the first time, she receives a message saying that she cannot activate it because she has already activated five devices.

You need to help the employee activate Office on her new laptop computer.

What should you do?

A. Assign a second E3 license to the employee.

B. Remove the employee’s E3 license and then assign a new E3 license.

C. Sign in to the Office 365 portal as the employee and deactivate the old laptop.

D. Sign in to the Office 365 portal by using your Global Admin account and then deactivate the old laptop.

Answer: C


Office 365 ProPlus license permits a user to install Office on a maximum of five devices. For the user to install office on a 6th device, one of the devices that Office was previously activated on must be deactivated.



Question: 3

You manage client computing devices for a company. Office 365 was recently deployed for all employees in the sales department. Company policy requires the installation of Office 365 ProPlus on all new client computing devices for sales department employees.

The company recently purchased Surface Pro 2 devices for all sales department employees. You are testing a new Office deployment for a specific user on a Surface Pro 2. You are unable to activate Office on the Surface Pro 2. An error message states that the install limit has been reached.

You need to activate Office 365 ProPlus on the Surface Pro 2 for the user.

What should you do?

A. Sign in to the Office 365 portal as the user and deactivate unused Office 365 ProPlus licenses.

B. Sign in to the Office 365 admin center as an Office 365 administrator. Remove and then re-add the user’s Office 365 ProPlus license.

C. Install a licensed copy of Office Professional Plus 2013 that is covered under a volume licensing agreement.

D. Sign in to the Office 365 admin center as an Office 365 administrator and deactivate unused Office 365 ProPlus licenses.

Answer: A


Office 365 ProPlus license permits a user to install Office on a maximum of five devices. For the user to install office on a 6th device, one of the devices that Office was previously activated on must be deactivated.



Question: 4

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Your company hires a new human resources consultant. Corporate policy specifies the following requirements for consultants:

In the Office 365 admin center, you create an account for the consultant and assign an E3 license to the account. You send instructions to the consultant for installing Office365 ProPlus on her laptop.

The consultant signs in to the Office 365 portal and changes her password when prompted to do so. She successfully accesses her email by using Outlook Web App (OWA). She attempts to install Office 365 ProPlus, but is unable to do so.

The Software page of the Office 365 portal displays the options shown in the following image.

You need to ensure that the consultant can install Office 365 ProPlus.

What should you do?

A. License the consultant’s account for Office 365 ProPlus.

B. License the consultant’s account for Office Web Apps.

C. Issue a corporate laptop to the consultant and have her restart the Office 365 ProPlus installation process on that laptop.

D. Assign an E1 license to the consultant’s account.

Answer: A


When assigning a license to a user, you are able to select which services are enabled by that license. Select the down-arrow next to the name of the license and unselect the services that you want to restrict from that user. The Office 365 ProPlus check box was probably de-selected, therefore the user was unable to install it.

Question: 5

You are the Office 365 administrator for your company. All users have been assigned E3 licenses and use Office Web Apps to create and edit documents.

A user attempts to access documents stored on a USB flash drive. When the user double-clicks a file that is stored on the USB flash drive, an error message states that Windows can’t open the file and needs to know what program to use to open it.

You need to ensure that the user can start Office applications and edit Office documents by double-clicking files.

What should you do on the user’s computer?

A. Use Office on Demand.

B. Install Office 365 ProPlus from the Office 365 portal.

C. Copy the files from the USB flash drive to the local hard drive.

D. Install and configure Microsoft Word Viewer.

Answer: B


You can deploy Office 365 ProPlus in your organization by allowing users to install Office 365 ProPlus directly from the Office 365 portal, or by downloading the Office 365 ProPlus software to the local network and then deploying it to your users.

Question: 6

You are the Office 365 administrator for your company.

The company’s environment includes Office 2007, Office 2010, Office 2013, Windows 7, and Windows 8. The company uses Office Telemetry.

You need to collect Office version usage data for an upcoming migration to Office 365 ProPlus.

What should you do?

A. Open documents by using Office 2007, Office 2010, or Office 2013 on client computers that run Windows 7.

B. Use the Get-MsolUser cmdlet with the ServiceStatus parameter.

C. Search network shares for Office documents and export the results to a .log file.

D. Search local computers for Office documents and export the results to a .csv file.

Answer: A


Telemetry Agents for all versions of Office collect the data of the most recently used documents, registered add-ins, and system and user information to upload to the shared folder. By opening documents by using Office 2007, Office 2010, or Office 2013 on client computers that run Windows 7, you allow the Telemetry Agents to collect the relevant data.



Question: 7


You are an Office 365 migration consultant. Your company has been hired to migrate the legacy email solution of another company to Office 365.

You are creating a migration plan for the two scenarios shown in the following table.

You need to evaluate whether the client computer software supports Office 365.

Which software requires action? To answer, drag the appropriate status to each target in the scenario table. Each status may be used once, more than once, or not at all. You may need to drag the split bar between panes or scroll to view content.


Office 365 is designed to work with any version of Microsoft Office in mainstream support, which excludes Office 2010. You have to upgrade Office 2010 prior to the migration. The only requirement with regards to the operating system is that the operating system you use must be supported by its manufacturer. All versions of Windows 7 are still supported by Microsoft.



Question: 8

Your company has a hybrid deployment of Office 365. You need to identify which certificate is used for token signing between the on-premises environment and Office 365. Which tool should you use?

A. The Exchange Management Console.

B. The AD FS 2.0 Management console.

C. The Active Directory Domains and Trusts snap-in.

D. The Office 365 portal.

E. The Certificates snap-in.

Answer: B


AD FS creates a self-signed certificate by default. You are able to modify this certificate to a CA-issued certificate by using the AD FS management snap-in. Therefore it stands to reason that to identify which certificate is used for token signing between the on-premises environment and Office 365, you would have to access the AD FS 2.0 Management console.



Question: 9

Your company has an Office 365 subscription. A user named Test5 has a mailbox. You need to ensure that all of the email messages sent and received by Test5 are accessible to members of the audit department for 60 days, even if Test5 permanently deletes the messages. What should you do?

A. Run the Set-User cmdlet.

B. Run the Set-Mailbox cmdlet.

C. Run the Set-RetentionPolicyTag cmdlet.

D. Run the Set-MailboxDatabase cmdlet.

E. Run the Set-RetentionPolicy cmdlet.

Answer: B


The AuditLogAgeLimit parameter of the Set-Mailbox cmdlet allows you to stipulate how long audit logs for a mailbox are retained. Logs older than the specified period are removed. The default value is 90 days.

To meet the requirements in this question, we need to configure a litigation hold on the mailbox.

Place a mailbox on Litigation Hold to preserve all mailbox content, including deleted items and original versions of modified items. When you place a user’ mailbox on Litigation Hold, content in the user’s archive mailbox (if it’s enabled) is also placed on hold. Deleted and modified items are preserved for a specified period, or until you remove the mailbox from Litigation Hold.

To place a mailbox on litigation hold, we use the Set-Mailbox cmdlet. For example:

Set-Mailbox test5@contoso.com -LitigationHoldEnabled $true -LitigationHoldDuration 60



Question: 10

You deploy Office 365. All the members of a team named Sales have full access to a shared mailbox named Sales. You enable auditing for all shared mailboxes. From the Sales mailbox, an email message that contains inappropriate content is sent. You need to identify which user sent the message. What should you do?

A. From the Exchange Control Panel, run an administrator role group report.

B. From Windows PowerShell, run the Get-SharingPolicy cmdlet.

C. From Windows PowerShell, run the Write-AdminAuditLog cmdlet.

D. From Windows PowerShell, run the New-MailboxAuditLogSearch cmdlet.

Answer: D


The cmdlet New-MailboxAuditLogSearch is used to search in auditlogs.

Question: 11

You subscribe to Office 365. You plan to implement single sign-on. You need to deploy Active Directory Federation Services (AD FS) to a server for the planned implementation. Which deployment methods should you use? (Each correct answer presents a complete solution. Choose all that apply.)

A. On a server that runs Windows Server 2008 R2, download and install AD FS 2.0.

B. On a server that runs Windows Server 2008, download and install AD FS 2.0.

C. On a server that runs Windows Server 2008, install the AD FS server role.

D. On a server that runs Windows Server 2008 R2, install the AD FS server role.

Answer: A,B


You can install AD FS on Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2 computers using an installation package known as AD FS 2.0.



Question: 12

Your company has an Exchange Server 2010 Service Pack (SP1) organization and a hybrid deployment of Office 365. You have two federation servers named Server1 and Server2. You manage Server1 and Server2 by using a user account that is a member of the Domain Admins group. You need to set the authentication method of the federation servers to forms-based authentication. What should you do?

A. Modify the Web.config file in the %systemroot%inetpubadfsIs directory.

B. Modify the Global.asax file in the %systemroot%inetpubadfsIs directory.

C. From the AD FS 2.0 Management console, add a claims provider trust.

D. From the AD FS 2.0 Management console, add a relaying party trust.

Answer: A


To configure a non-default local authentication type, navigate to inetpubadfsls located in the root folder, Select web.config and Edit in Notepad. The use Ctrl+F to find , Cut your preferred local authentication type (the entire line), and Paste it to the top of the list before saving and closing the web.config file.



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New Zealand Marilyn Manson concert evacuated due to fire scare

Saturday, October 6, 2007

A New Zealand Marilyn Manson gig was evacuated after a fire scare. Four songs into the performance by the shock rock act at Auckland Town Hall, a fire scare caused an evacuation of the venue. On-site security stopped the performer from continuing and asked the audience to leave immediately.

Fire and ambulance crews responded, but discovered that the alarms had been caused by dry ice smoke machines.

Manson was able to continue his performance after a delay of ten minutes.

Colleges offering admission to displaced New Orleans students/AL-KY
See the discussion page for instructions on adding schools to this list and for an alphabetically arranged listing of schools.

Due to the damage by Hurricane Katrina and subsequent flooding, a number of colleges and universities in the New Orleans metropolitan area will not be able to hold classes for the fall 2005 semester. It is estimated that 75,000 to 100,000 students have been displaced. [1]. In response, institutions across the United States and Canada are offering late registration for displaced students so that their academic progress is not unduly delayed. Some are offering free or reduced admission to displaced students. At some universities, especially state universities, this offer is limited to residents of the area.


  • 1 Overview
  • 2 Alabama
  • 3 Alaska
  • 4 Arizona
  • 5 Arkansas
  • 6 California
  • 7 Colorado
  • 8 Connecticut
  • 9 Delaware
  • 10 District of Columbia
  • 11 Florida
  • 12 Georgia
  • 13 Hawaii
  • 14 Idaho
  • 15 Illinois
  • 16 Indiana
  • 17 Iowa
  • 18 Kansas
  • 19 Kentucky

Celebrities draw attention on 2008 UK New Year Honours list

Saturday, December 29, 2007

I am almost as surprised as I am honoured. I feel deeply touched to be acknowledged by the UK, my adopted home, in this way.


In an annual tradition, Queen Elizabeth II gave out honours in the 2008 U.K. New Year Honours list today. Chat show host Michael Parkinson is to be knighted, Australian singer Kylie Minogue was made a member of the Order of the British Empire (for services to music), and actor Ian McKellen (who played Gandalf in the Lord of the Rings trilogy) joined the exclusive Order of the Companions of Honour, which is limited to only 65 members.

Knighthood was awarded to professor Ian Wilmut, who led the team that cloned Dolly the sheep. The list also includes honours for those involved in flood rescue work during 2007 such as Salvation Army Captain Tracey Palmer (who was made a Member of the British Empire, MBE) and Leslie Adams from York. Tom Kelly, who was an official spokesperson for Tony Blair, entered the Order of the Bath.

599 of the 972 awards this year went to ordinary members of the public, who mostly received MBE’s.

The honours are awarded by the Queen after advice from the Prime Minister, Gordon Brown. It is published in the London Gazette, an official publication of the monarchy.

Other recipients of honours include:

  • Jacqueline Wilson, Children’s authour
  • Brian Ashton, England Rugby coach
  • Jasper Conran, Designer
  • Karen Millen, Designer
  • Steve Furber, Industrial designer
  • Des Lynam, TV Sports presenter
  • George Alagiah, Journalist
  • Julie Walters, Actress
  • Richard Griffiths, Actor
  • Leslie Phillips
  • Nicholas Kenyon, BBC proms organiser
  • Brendan Foster, Athlete
  • John Higgins, Snooker champion
  • Andy Trotter
  • Nuala O’Loan

As in past years the honours list has included honours for those involved in charity work,education and social activisim, such as :

  • Marjorie Wallace,
  • Michele Elliott
  • Alasdair Macdonald, Headmaster
  • Professor Sir Timothy O’Shea, Vice Chancellor of Edinburgh university.

What Can A Walk In Medical Center Offer You And Your Family?

Read An Opinion On:

byAlma Abell

If you suffer one of life’s little mishaps, or experience difficulties from a minor ailment, you will require professional medical attention. That’s when you’ll be glad you have a nearby clinic where they can treat most everyday medical problems, and where you don’t need an appointment. Emergency rooms often entail long waits to see a physician who is overwhelmed and doesn’t have the time to give you the kind of personal care you deserve. A Walk In Medical Center in Goshen NY can provide you with a no-wait guarantee, get you in quickly, and treat you for anything from an ingrown toenail to a fractured ulna. You’ll receive compassionate, professional care along the way, and will be treated with the respect you deserve.

Urgent care services include things like EKGs, X-rays, and repairing lacerations and puncture wounds, sprains, burns, and abrasions, but there are a lot of other services they can provide that are not quite as critical. UTIs, flu, and allergies need treatment as well, and these medical professionals will see to those situations, too. You’ll find that the hours are more accommodating than a doctor’s office, and you’ll receive the same outstanding level of medical care.

In addition to the outstanding care you can get at a Walk In Medical Center in Goshen NY, you’ll also receive the professional considerations that go along with great medical care; when it is called for, they will provide you with a referral to a convenient local primary care physician or a specialist if you need on-going care, and if you already have a PCP, they will be happy to work with him in order to ensure that you receive all appropriate follow-up care.

Offering a wide array of medical services, convenient hours of operation, and an opportune location can all be invaluable when you need care, but you’ll also discover that the pricing of services may be dramatically less than those of an emergency room, even though you’re still going to be getting the same level of professional medical care. To make things even easier on you, most insurance will be accepted.

The staff at Orange Urgent Care will treat you promptly and courteously and will use all of the resources at their disposal to get you top-quality treatment. To see all of the services available, Visit the Website at

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